European Ph.D on Social Representations and Communication
Description of each M.C.T.S. partner

E.H.E.S.S. - PARIS - FRANCE
ECOLE DES HAUTES ETUDES EN SCIENCES SOCIALES
LABORATOIRE DE PSYCHOLOGIE SOCIALE

Address: 105, Bd Raspail, 75006, Paris, France tel: 0033-1- 45497630; fax:0145497601;
email: lps@chess.fr

Euro PhD programme director: Prof. Serge Moscovici
Euro PhD national tutor: Prof. Denise Jodelet
Euro PhD national tutor: Prof. Elisabeth Lage

The Laboratoire de Psychologie Sociale is part of the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (EHESS), an institute for scientific research in the main areas of the social sciences: history, anthropology, sociology, psychology, linguistics, economics and other cultural areas. It is an institute for doctoral studies and students have access to all the seminars in the areas taught within the institute. The institute is internationally renowned for the diversity of its fields of research, the quality of its seminars and its international academic staff and students. The Laboratoire de Psychologie Sociale (L.P.S.) is co-directed by prof. Denise Jodelet and prof. Elisabeth Lage but also strongly benefits from the collaboration of prof. Serge Moscovici. He was one of the founders and first president of the European Association of Experimental Social Psyhcology. He also founded the Laboratoire Européen de Psychologie Sociale (LEPS) at the Maison des Sciences de l'Homme, which is an international research centre attracting scholars from all over the world.

Doctoral theses are supervised by four members of the academic staff: prof. Elisabeth Lage (Maitre de Conference at the l'EHESS), prof. Bernard Personnaz (Director of Research at the CNRS), prof. Denise Jodelet and prof. Serge Moscovici (Director of Studies at the EHESS).

There are also two research fellows, Fabrice Buschini and Claire Givry, and two secretaries/administrators.

The Laboratoire de Psychologie Sociale, with two other laboratories of the University of Paris V, co-directs a DEA (a Diploma of Advanced Studies which makes up the first year of doctoral studies). It accepts 15 students per year from around the world. At present there are 58 doctoral students, supervised as follows:

SUPERVISORS DEA THESIS TOTAL
Denise Jodelet 3 27 30
Elisabeth Lage 6 3 9
Serge Moscovici 9 9 18
Bernard Personnaz 4 6 10
Total 22 45 67

 

Two students, supervised by Denise Jodelet, have been awarded research grants by the French Ministry of Education Research and Technology.

20 of the Laboratoire's ex-doctoral students working at Universities in France and abroad, continue to collaborate with the Laboratoire and the Laboratoire regularly recruits researchers from abroad at both doctoral and post-doctoral level. The Laboratoire began its studies on minority influence and has played a leading international role in this research area. Laboratoire researchers (Lage, Personnaz, Buschini) continue to work in this field and a number of foreign researchers work with Serge Moscovici exploring new trends in the area.

The Laboratoire has played an equally important international role in the area of social representations and continues to work on most of the main questions in this area: environment, health, food, education, ethnic, national and social identity. Methodological research is also carried out on computer analysis of qualitative aspects, particularly the relevance of text analysis in the analysis of social representations. Another central area of the Laboratoire's research is social memory and its manifestation in recent European ethnic conflict.

Thanks to the international research and teaching of Serge Moscovici and Denise Jodelet, the Laboratoire is at the forefront of international collaboration with European, American and Latin American univeristies in the three research areas outlined above. The EuroPhD project is an essential part of this collaboration.

A brief description of the current research activities and a selection of the main publications are listed in the dedicated European Doctorate on Social Representations and Communication web pages of the French national tutors at E.H.E.S.S. and the dedicated European Doctorate on Social Representations and Communication web pages of the programme director.

The Laboratoire has computer facilities fully networked to the Internet and including all office, word processing and data analysis programmes (Alceste, Prospero).

The Library of the Maison des Sciences de l'Homme, which is open to all doctoral researchers, has an important collection of social science volumes and periodicals. The Laboratoire also has a reference library of theses which have been carried out by its past doctoral students.

As already outlined above, students at the EHESS have the benefits of an exceptionally stimulating multidisciplinary research centre. Over the last ten years a total of 31 doctoral theses have been completed at the Laboratoire. (12 supervised by Serge Moscovici, 17 by Denise Jodelet and 2 by Bernard Personnaz). Of these doctoral students, 15 have become French university lecturers (1 in Aix-en-Provence, 3 in Amiens, 1 in Angers, 1 in Lille, 4 at Paris V, 1 at Paris VII, 1 at Paris X, 1 in Reims, 1 in Rennes, 1 in Saint Quentin en Yvelines) and four have become university professors abroad (Brazil, United States, Greece and Japan). The other doctoral students work in industry, health and education or are continuing their studies at other research centres.


UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE
FACULTY OF SOCIAL AND POLITICAL SCIENCE
S.P.S. - CAMBRIDGE - U.K.
Address: 8-3 Jesus Lane Cambridge CB5 8BA United Kingdom tel: 0044 1223740068 fax: 0044 1223740079

Euro PhD national tutor: dr. Gerard Duveen

The University is a collegiate institution, and College membership is a significant aspect in the academic and social life of its members. Marie Curie Fellows will find College membership provides an attractive and important balance to their work in the Faculty.

Since its inception, SPS has been involved in postgraduate teaching in all three of its disciplines, and at any one time there are more than 100 graduate students working in the Faculty. As well as providing a broad training programme in all aspects of research methods for new PhD students, the Faculty has also recently introduced a Master's programme in Social and Developmental Psychology designed to provide students with a structured transition into graduate work. Central to this MPhil, which began in 1997, is that students work closely with Faculty staff on existing research projects, as well as undertaking their own research. The programme also includes a broad based course in research methods in psychology.

SPS as a whole has an established University staff of 26 professors and lecturers covering all three disciplines. In addition, six further members of the Faculty are employed by individual colleges, and the faculty includes a large number of research and support staff and doctoral students. Of these the numbers who would be involved in the provision of research training in this programme are:

University Teachers: There are currently 6 professors and lecturers in the psychology group (Prof. Richards,, Dr Duveen, Dr Good, Dr Halpern, Dr Hay and Ms Mitchell) and a new Chair in Psychology is to be established in the Faculty in the coming year. In addition Dr Burchell is appointed both in social psychology and in research methods, and Dr Scott is appointed for her expertise in research methods. All of these members of staff would be involved in the implementation of the research training.

In addition there are currently 2 post-doctoral psychologists working on research projects in the Faculty, and 17 students working of PhD's in psychology.

The administrative and support staff include a full-time university administrative officer, a Librarian, a full-time computing assistant, a computer officer shared with 3 other faculties, 6 secretarial and clerical officers and 3 additional librarians.

The Faculty is engaged in a wide range of research in social and developmental psychology related to a number of themes including social representations (Duveen, Richards, Scott), early social development (Hay), the social psychology of employment and unemployment (Burchell), social attitudes (Scott, Halpern), developmental consequences of parental death and divorce for children (Richards, Mitchell), psychological aspects of new technologies (Richards on the new genetics and Good on information technologies), psychological aspects of gender (Duveen, Hay, Mitchell), psychoanalysis (Mitchell), cultural psychology (Duveen), and the relation between social psychology and public policy (Halpern), In addition the Centre for Family Research (directed by Prof. Richards) includes a wide range of research concerned with children and families drawing on sociological and historical perspectives as well as psychology. This research has been supported by grants from both public (Economic and Social Research Council and Medical Research Council) as well as private sources (eg Wellcome Trust, Rowntree Trust), and includes a wide range of collaborations, both with other faculties in the University, as well as other research centres in Britain and internationally. Among the most important of these are Dr Scott's collaboration on the British Housheold

Panel Survey, the Centre for Family Research's work on the rights of children with a wide range of international collaborators, Dr Duveen's work on social representations of madness in India with colleagues in Austria and India, and Dr Hay's work on the early development of aggression and violence with American colleagues.

The research undertaken in the Faculty employs a wide range of both quantitative and qualitative methodologies, including experimental and observational work, as well survey research and interview and ethnographic work. Expertise in all these methodologies will provide a strong context for implementing the training available for Marie Curie Fellows.

A brief description of the current research interests and a selection of the main publications are listed in the dedicated European Doctorate on Social Representations and Communication web pages of the English national tutor at University of Cambridge.

The Faculty is well-equipped to support all aspects of research in psychology. As well as good computing facilities within the Faculty, the University's Computing Centre also provides additional resources. There is a well equipped observational laboratory, with facilities for the recording and analysis of video-tapes.

The faculty enjoys excellent library resources to support all aspects of its work. The main University Library is a UK Copyright Library, and one of the principal research libraries in the country and internationally. In addition, the Faculty also has its own library with god holdings in psychology, and further collections of psychological material are held in the libraries of the Department of Experimental Psychology, the School of Education and Medical Libraries.

A supervisor from among the permanent members of staff would be assigned to incoming Marie Curie Fellows, depending on the specific interests of the Fellow. The supervisor would be responsible for ensuring that the training needs of the Fellow were adequately met. As well as attending the various graduate courses provided in the Faculty, Fellows would have access to all members of both permanent and research staff to meet these needs.

Year Number of Students Number of international students
1997-98 5 4
1998-99 8 6

 

All of these students successfully completed the course.

PhD Students in the past 5 years

Year Number of new PhD Students in Faculty Number of new PhD Students in Psychology Number of new international PhD Students in Psychology
1994-95 23 7 4
1995-96 22 2 1
1996-97 29 5 4
1997-98 17 5 3
1998-99 17 3 1

 

In these five years a total of 8 students have completed their PhD's, and one student has completed an Mlitt degree. In addition to these numbers a further 3 students registered in the Faculty of Education have completed PhD's under the supervision of Dr Gerard Duveen on themes in social psychology.

MPhil Students in the 2 years since the course began

Year Number of Students Number of international students
1997-98 5 4
1998-99 8 6

 

All of these students successfully completed the course.


LONDON SCHOOL OF ECONOMICS AND POLITICAL SCIENCE
L.S.E. - LONDON - U.K.

Address: Houghton St LONDON WC2A 2AE - U.K. tel.: 0044 171 955 7700 fax: 0044 1223740079

Euro PhD national tutors: Prof. Robert Farr, Prof. George Gaskell

The London School of Economics and Political Science is a major world centre of research and teaching in the social sciences. It has an outstanding reputation, not only in Economics (where five former staff members have won Nobel Prizes), but also in all the Social Sciences and closely related subjects such as History, Law and Philosophy. LSE's location in central London is central to its identity. Its buildings form part of the skyline of a cosmopolitan capital city, crowded and bustling, rather than part of a peaceful rural campus. There is a constant interchange of ideas and knowledge between teachers and taught and between the School and the world of many of its studies. Many LSE students and staff come from outside the UK; over half of the students are postgraduates, making LSE one of the largest concentrations of advanced study in its various fields. In its lively variety LSE thrives on an atmosphere of openness to new ideas, discussion and debate. The LSE Library (BLPES) is one of the world's major collections of social science material - over 3 million items are on open access.

The Department of Social Psychology

With ten members of staff and two joint appointment with LSE's Methodology Institute, including the Director of the Methodology Institute and some 110 graduate students it is the largest concentration of social psychologists in Europe. Over 90% of the students in the Department are postgraduates. For some thirty years the School also ran a highly successful Honours BSc Degree in Social Psychology which has recently been discontinued. This enables the Department to focus on providing a graduate education in social psychology. All three Masters' Programmes are recognised by the Economic and Social Research Council as providing a research training and qualifying for quota awards. On average six students a year, in recent years, have obtained PhDs in Social Psychology. Teaching in the Department is research led.

In the Department graduate students find a lively and stimulating atmosphere with excellent computing and technical support in which to develop their knowledge of social psychology. Located as we are in a pre-eminent school of the social sciences brings the benefits of a world-class library and opportunities to explore the links between social psychology and other disciplines in the social sciences. Our approach to the discipline continues in the societal perspective developed by the late Professor Hilde Himmelweit. Her research, published in books such as Television and the Child, How Voters Decide and Societal Psychology, emphasised the role of social psychology in the analysis of contemporary social issues.

Presentation of the Training Site:

  • Academic Staff (12): Dr Martin Bauer, Dr Cathy Campbell, Prof Rob Farr, Dr Bradley Franks, Prof George Gaskell, Dr Marie-Claude Gervais, Prof Patrick Humphreys, Dr Sandra Jovchelovitch, Prof Sonia Livingstone, Dr Margaret Scammell, Dr Jan Stockdale, Dr Andy Wells
  • Research Fellows/Assistants/Officers (3): Dr Moira Bovill, Mr Miltos Liakopoulos, Mr Nicholas Allum.
  • Doctoral Students: We currently have 39 registered MPhil./PhD students.
  • Administrative Staff (3); Technical staff (2)

Current Research Projects

  • Children, Young People and the Television Screen in the 1990s : Directed by Sonia Livingstone.
  • Biotechnology and the Public. George Gaskell and Martin Bauer with John Durant, Professor of Science Communication at Imperial College
  • Science in the Media. (1946-present) Martin Bauer and John Durant.
  • Social Representations, Public Life and Community: Sandra Jovchelovitch.
  • Community, Social Representations and Health: Sandra Jovchelovitch, in collaboration with P.A. Guareschi (PUC-RS, Brazil).
  • Alfa Network CHICA (Community Health: Innovation, Cooperation and Action): Professor Patrick Humphreys and Mr Marcelo Ramella.
  • SARA (Salud Reproductiva para Adolescentes/Reproductive Health for Adolescents); Development awarded to Professor Patrick Humphreys and Mr Marcelo Ramella.
  • Evaluation of Integrated Health Promotion and Innovation in a Network of European Cities. Professor Patrick Humphreys and Dr Dina Berkeley.
  • The psycho-social context of HIV-transmission in a southern African mining community Dr C Campbell.
  • Developing community-level indicators for evaluating community health development projects: Dr Campbell
  • Social capital and health Dr Campbell
  • Women in secure psychiatric hospitals Dr Campbell
  • Academic infrastructure and practical support for Organizational Change and Development in Siberia. Patrick Humphreys.
  • The BSE / 'mad cow disease' controversy. Dr Martin Bauer.

Research Interests of Academic Staff

  • Martin Bauer, Lic Phil (Bern), PhD, Lecturer in Social Psychology and Research Methodology.

Resistance to change; public understanding of science; social representations of technology; public perceptions of biotechnology; risk communication; psychology of action/activity; content analysis; computer assisted qualitative methodology; narrative interviewing; focus group interviews; Eurobarometer surveys; Kurt Lewin.

  • Catherine Campbell, MA Clin (Natal), MA Res (Natal), PhD (Bristol) Lecturer in Social Psychology.

Social psychology of health, social psychology of gender and sexuality, social capital and health, gender/ethnicity and health inequalities, community development, public health and health promotion, evaluation of community health services, social identity, southern Africa

  • Rob Farr, BA (Belfast), MA (Belfast), PhD, DSc (Belfast), FBPsS, CPsychol., Professor of Social Psychology (Departmental Convenor)

Social representations of science, of health and safety, of disability and handicap; the history of psychology as an experimental and social science; experimental social psychology, especially the theory of attribution; the social psychology of interviewing and of selection; images and representations; individualism in a period of rapid political and economic change.

A brief description of the current research interests and a selection of the main publications are listed in the dedicated European Doctorate on Social Representations and Communication web pages of the English national tutors at L.S.E.

  • Bradley Franks, BSc, MSc (Edinburgh), PhD (Edinburgh), Lecturer in Psychology

Cognitive science and natural language; formal, philosophical, computational and psychological approaches to semantics; concepts and word meaning; psycholinguistics and psychosemantics; inference: induction, reasoning and analogy; folk psychology; classical artificial intelligence and connectionist cognitive science: commonsense explanation and computational psychology; philosophy of mind, psychology and meaning; relations between social psychology and cognitive science.

  • George Gaskell, BSc, PhD, Professor of Social Psychology

Social psychological aspects of consumer behaviour and advertising; economic values; the social impacts of the new media and developments in biotechnology and genetic engineering; qualitative and survey research methods.

  • Marie-Claude Gervais, BSc(Montreal), MSc(Montreal), PhD, Lecturer in Social Psychology

Social representations; environmental and ecological psychology; knowledge and identity in periods of rapid social change; health beliefs of the Chinese community in Britain; qualitative methodology.

  • Patrick Humphreys, BSc, PhD, Professor of Social Psychology

Planning, decision making and problem solving in organisations; project management, decision and negotiation aiding systems; organisational transformation; primary health care resource enhancement, networking and communication support.

  • Sandra Jovchelovitch, BA (PUC-RS, Brasil), MSc (PUC-RS, Brasil), PhD, Lecturer in Social Psychology.

Social representations; social psychology of public life and community; institutions; primary health care in the community; mental health; community development; identity; psychology and critical theory, Brazil.

  • Sonia Livingstone, BSc, DPhil (Oxon), Professor of Social Psychology (Programme Director, MSc Media & Communications)

Mass media; the television audience; mass media debates, discussions and the public sphere; television drama genres; interpretive activity of viewers; social uses of new media; the child audience.

  • Dr Maggie Scammell, BA (Manchester), MSc, PhD, Lecturer in Media and Communications.

Political communication; mass media and democratic theory; media and elections; political persuasion, propaganda and political marketing; political advertising; globalisation/Americanisation of political campaigning; professional journalism, responsibility, accountability and the pursuit of universal norms.

  • Jan Stockdale, BSc, PhD, Senior Lecturer in Social Psychology

Police operations and psychological aspects of policing; representations of crime, violence and personal safety; children and television; gender issues and equal opportunities; workplace violence and sexual harassment; health education with special reference to TB treatment compliance and HIV/AIDS; representation of disability and illness; higher education.

  • Andy Wells, BA (Wales), BSc (CNAA), DipCompSci, PhD, Lecturer in Psychology.

Cognitive science; the history of computers and computation with particular reference to the development of cognitive theory; psychological research methods; philosophy of psychology; evolutionary psychology.

Resources/Research Facilities

In addition to the School and BLPES computing facilities, computers specifically for research student use are present in all Departmental office accommodation.

The majority of machines are IBM PC type, with some Macintoshes largely dedicated to specialist computing for media research. The School's standard operating system is Windows 95, with the standard word-processing software being Word 7. Data analysis packages are also available (SPSS, NUDIST and ATLAS for quantitative and qualitative analysis). Machines are fully networked with access to the BLPES's Unicorn catalogue system and the Internet. All students are provided with email accounts; the School standard email software is Microsoft Exchange.

The School's Information Technology (IT) Services runs a free IT Induction Programme (ITIP), which is a series of introductory training courses provided by IT Services for students. All of the ITIP courses consist of hands-on practical sessions in the computer classrooms in the St Clements Building. It also runs courses introducing students to the use of software for word-processing and data analysis. The opening hours are Monday to Friday from 9am to 4pm. Details of the dates, times and locations of courses are posted on the notice board outside S169.

The Department has excellent research support facilities. In addition to the computing facilities noted above, there is also a Workshop staffed by full-time technicians (Room S082). The Head Technician, Steve Bennett (extension 7715; email: s.bennett@lse.ac.uk), can provide advice on the practicalities of carrying out research and help in design and construction of materials. The technicians also co-ordinate the loan and use of specialist equipment for research (e.g., tape-recorders, transcription equipment, lap-top computers, videotape editing facilities etc.).

Research supervision.

All research students are supervised by one of the academic staff whose research interests are relevant to the student's thesis topic. The School has set a minumum of three tutorial sessions for each of the three terms. On the advice of their supervisor, students attend some of the MSc courses in order to broaden their knowledge of theory, methodology and statistics. The departmental research student tutor holds a weekly seminar for all students and monitors their progress. At the end of the first year of registration students must submit a 10,000 word literature review, conceptual analysis and plan for their thesis. If approved they may continue into a second year of registration. Towards the end of the second year research students submit at least three draft chapters of their thesis for evaluation by a PhD upgrading committee, comprising three members of the academic staff.

Among the doctoral students trained over the past 5 years:

Peter Harris, 1993 The Shy and the Not-Shy: An examination of Zimbardo's self labelling approach to the psychology of shyness.

Martin Bauer, 1993 Resistance to Change: A functional analysis of responses to technical change in a Swiss bank.

Helene Joffe, 1993 AIDS in Britain and South Africa: A theory of inter-group blame.

Marco Cinnirella, 1993 Social Identity Perspectives on European Integration: A comparitive study of national and European identity construction in Britain and Italy.

Louise Phillips, 1993 Discourse and Themesong Rhetoric: Reproduction and transformation of the discourse of Thatcherism across socio-political dramas.

Mary Bradbury, 1994 The Social Construction of Death: A London Study

Athena Marouda, 1994 The Process of Representation and Development of Knowledge in Career Decision Making and Counselling.

Andrew Wells, 1995 The External Tapes Hypothesis: A Turing Machine based approach to cognitive computation.

Sandra Jovchelovitch, 1995 Social Representations and Public Life: A study on the symbolic construction of public spaces in Brazil.

Hania Kamel, 1995 The Role of Mothers in the Social Development of their Infant's Facial Expressions.

Rebecca Rouben, 1995 Leisure: Its meaning and role in the life of adolescents.

Thomas Fraser, 1996 Self Esteem, Social Comparison and Discrimination: A re-appraisal and development of Tajfel's Social Identity Theory.

Diana Rose, 1996 Representations of Madness on British Television: A social psychological analysis.

Margaret Murphy, 1996 Psychological Aspects of Survey Methodology: Experiments on the response process.

Marie-Claude Gervais, 1997 Social Representations of Nature: The case of the Braer oil spill in Shetland.

Mohammed Majoub Haroun, Social Representations of Islam in the West. 1997

Nicola Morant, 1997 Social Representations of Mental Illness: A study of British and French mental health professionals.

Annadis Rudolfsdottir, 1997 The Construction of Femininity in Iceland.

Maria Simosi, 1998 The Processing of Conflict in Organisational Groups: A case study in a Greek Industrial Company.

Gemma Penn, 1998 Medicalisation and Representations of Smoking in Public Discourse and Images.

Gemma Harper, 1998 Deconstructing the Beast: Contemporary representations and discourses on the nature of animals in urban Britain.

Danielle Aron 1999 Production and reception in british televisiondocumentary:a genre-based analysis of mass-mediated communication.

David Steinberg 1999 Why Hollywood lost the Uruguay round: The political economy of mass communication revisited.


UNIVERSITY OF HELSINKI
D.P.S. - HELSINKI - FINLAND
DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY

Address: PB 4 Fabianinkatu, 28 - 00014 HELSINKI - FINLAND
tel.: 00358 9 19123276; fax: 00358 9 19122973

Euro PhD national tutor: Prof. Klaus Helkama

The Department of Social Psychology is one of the 9 departments of the Faculty of Social Sciences of the University of Helsinki. The University of Helsinki (founded in 1640), with its 32 000 students and ten faculties is the largest university in Finland. In terms of the quality of research, it has the reputation of being number 1 in the country in most disciplines.

The training site consists of two interrelated reseach groups at the department, led by professors Klaus Helkama and Karmela Liebkind, respectively, dealing with values, moral identity and emotions in different types of social relationships (Helkama) and with factors influencing well-being and marginalization of immigrants (Liebkind). At present the number of post-doctoral researchers involved in the research groups is 5 (Anna-Maija Pirttil{-Backman, Ritva Horppu, Merja Ikonen-Varila, Esa Pohjanheimo, and Markku Verkasalo). The number of doctoral students being funded by the project money or directly by the Department of Social Psychology is 9, with an additional six doctoral students funded from other sources. All of these 15 students have already finished the collection of data for their doctoral theses and are at the final stage of preparing their dissertations. The administration of the Training Site is attended by the departmental secretary (amanuensis) and a secretary (permanent jobs). Technical personnel (research assistants, ad hoc secretaries) paid by project money or temporary funding numbers 9 <tark.>.

The research group on values, moral identity, and emotions, led by prof. Helkama and funded by the Academy of Finland, the Finnish Cultural Foundation and by the University of Helsinki aims at integrating the cognitive-developmental approach to morality with the social psychological theorising on justice and on values and with the adult attachment approach as well. The project investigates (a) adolescent values in five countries (Estonia, Finland, Italy, Russia, and Switzerland) focusing on the role of values in mediating the effects of real and perceived social instability on adolescents' sense of control over their future and (b) the development of professional ethics and values in higher education and at the workplace, among other things. The group is in collaboration with the University of Tallinn, University of Padua, University of Moscow, and University of Berne, as well as with the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and University of Stockholm.

The research group (led by prof. Liebkind) that investigates factors influencing well-being and marginalization of immigrants, is also financed by the Academy of Finland. The aim of the studies is to integrate and specify the factors affecting the well-being of immigrants, including their experiences of racism and discrimination. The study is based on findings obtained from several studies at the Department of Social Psychology, which focused on the meaning of cultural identity for refugees in Finland, on attitudes towards traumatized individuals from ethnic in- and outgroups, on the psycho-social adaptation of ethnic minority youth, on experiences of discrimination and stress of immigrants, and on efforts to promote tolerance in Finnish youth through extended intergroup contact.

The group has research international collaboration with the University of Texas and participates in the large ICSEY (International Comparative Studies of ethnocultural youth) project involving 10 countries (Australia, University of Western Australia; Canada, Queens University; Finland; France, Universite Paris X Nanterre; Germany, University of Bonn; Israel, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem; The Netherlands, University of Leiden; Norway, University of Bergen; Portugal, University of Porto; Sweden, University of Stockholm; and USA, California State University at Los Angeles). The goal of the ICSEY project is to extend knowledge regarding the adaptation and integration of second generation migrants into the host society.

Some of the research projects include members of both groups. Examples of such projects are the study of the social representation Finnish and European identities (in collaboration with the University of Rome "La Sapienza"), involving one advanced doctoral student, and on the national identities and mutual stereotypes of Russians and Finns as a function of perceived societal instability ( The Lomonosov University of Moscow). Some post-doctoral and doctoral projects involving international collaboration deal with food and eating, as well as attitudes toward genetic screening.

Reseach profiles of supervisors

Klaus Helkama: special areas moral development and the social psychology of morality; values; professional ethics; and the history of social psychology.

A brief description of the current research interests and a selection of the main publications are listed in the dedicated European Doctorate on Social Representations and Communication web pages of the Finnish national tutor at University of Helsinki.

Karmela Liebkind: special areas ethnic identity and intergroup relations.

Anna-Maija Pirttila-Backman: the social psychology of knowledge; social representations of experts and expertise; social psychology of eating and food.

Awards to staff:

Based on the innovations and efficiency in undergraduate and graduate teaching, the Department of Social Psychology was elected as one of the 20 national centres of excellence in teaching by the Finnish Ministry of Education in 1998.

The Department is equipped with all modern facilities (computers, computer programmes, video equipment etc.) required for successful research in social psychology. Two post-graduate courses are taught in English each year (by professors Helkama and Liebkind, respectively), and the staff are able to communicate also in Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, German, French, Italian, and Russian (and to read Portuguese and Spanish).

The number of doctoral theses accepted at the department over the past 5 years is 12 (including this year). The department arranged an international summer school on social representations in 1995 with more than 50 participants from 14 countries. The number of non-Finnish students enrolled in the doctoral programme is 5, and several foreign doctoral students (e.g., from Portugal and Estonia) are being supervised by the staff.


L'UNIVERSITE DE PROVENCE, FRANCE
L.P.S. - AIX-EN-PROVENCE - FRANCE
LABORATOIRE DE PSYCHOLOGIE SOCIALE

Address: 29, Av. Robert Schuman F-13621 Aix-en-Provence FRANCE
tel.: 0033 442 953812 fax: 0033 442 205905

Euro PhD national tutor: Prof. Jean Claude Abric

The University of Provence (Aix-Marseilles) is part of the Conference of French Universities and includes two main disciplinary areas:

  • the Science area is covered by the Marseille site.
  • the Letters and Humanities area is covered by the Aix-en-Provence site.

The Letters and Humanities area is made up of 5 Training and Research Units (TRU's):

  • Civilisation and Humanities.
  • Roman, Latin-American, Oriental and Slav Studies.
  • Applied Anglo-American, Germanic and Foreign Languages.
  • Letters, Arts, Communication and Linguistic Science
  • Geographical and Environmental Sciences.
  • Psychology, Educational Sciences

The TRU for Psychology and Educational Sciences has 5 departments:

  • Clinical psychology
  • Cognitive and experimental psychology.
  • Developmental Psychology
  • Educational Sciences.
  • Social Psychology

The Laboratoire de Psychologie Sociale is made up of 3 research groups

  • Group 1: 'Social representations':
    Group Leader: Jean-Claude ABRIC (Professor)
    Group members: C. Flament (Professor), C. Guimelli (Professor), J. Singery (MCF) et E. Tafani (MCF).
    Doctoral students: G. Bourgeat Gabriel, M. Brasseur, K.
    Browarski, D. Doppler,  S. Gaymar, J-C Ratsimivony et C. Umulisa.
  • Group 2: 'Sociocognitive processes':
    Group Leader: Robert-Vincent JOULE
    Group members: A Channouf (MCF), J. Py (MCF) et C. Mangard (ATER)
    Doctoral students : T. Azdia, M. Martinie, S. Jouffre, S.Gerdouba et C. Reversat.
  • Group 3: 'Social psychology of health, illness prevention and medical innovations':
    Group Leader: Michel Morin (Professor)
    Group members: T. Apostolidis (MCF) et Laurent Bègue (ATER)
    Doctoral students: S. Croulet, T. Salmon, S. Eisenlhor, N. Escaffre et M. Souville.

Group 1: 'Social representations':
Research areas:

  • Structure and dynamics of social representations
  • Representations and social practice
  • Representations and social influences (in collaboration with the University of Geneva)
  • Social representation studies of security and insecurity, work, banking, enterprise, luxury (in collaboration with the MBA luxury management brand of the ESSEC, Paris), tourism (in collaboration with Universities of Lausanne and Valencia

A brief description of the current research interests and a selection of the main publications are listed in the dedicatedEuropean Doctorate on Social Representations and Communication web pages of the French national tutor at University of Provence.

Group 2: 'Sociocognitive processes':
Research areas:

  • Cognitive dissonance, Attribution and Engagement.
  • Social norms, attitude change and unconscious influence
  • Psychology of eye-witness

Group 3: 'Social psychology of health, illness prevention and medical innovation':
Research areas:

  • Study of sociocognitive and representational processes intervening in the regulation and transformation of preventative conduct and/or risk-taking behaviour associated with serious illness: AIDS, cancer, drug addiction (in collaboration with the Nationale de Recherche sur le Sida, l'INSERM and the Institut Paoli Calmettes de Marseille and the Observatoire régional de la Santé ORS PACA).
  • Study of the processes of change in the practices of health professionals dealing with chronic, socially stigmatised disease (in collaboration with ANRS, INSERM and the Hôpital Pitié-Salpetrière, Paris)
  • Compliance by long-term patients (in collaboration with the ANRS and INSERM).
  • representation and use of psychoactive substances: multiple use of alcohol, tobacco and cannabis by young people (in collaboration with ORS PACA).

Research facilities

  • 1 research room and 2 experimental laboratories.
  • 5 offices.
  • A computer room with 15 Imac (333mhz) and 1 G3 (400mhz). Internet networking

Since 1995 12 EU students have been trained in the Laboratoire, mainly from Italy and Portugal.


Instituto Superior de ciencias do Trabalho e da Empresa
D.P.S.- ISCTE - LISBON - PORTUGAL

Address: Av das Forças Armadas 1600 Lisboa — Portugal tel.: 00351 21 7826 100

Euro PhD national tutor: Prof. Jorge Jesuino

The Department of Social Psychology (DSP) of ISCTE is a unit which aims at developing teaching and research activities in the scientific domain of Social and Organisational Psychology. The Department is located at the University of ISCTE in Lisbon. ISCTE is an acronym for Instituto Superior de ciencias do Trabalho e da Empresa (Higher Institute for Sciences of Work and Enterprise). Actually it is a public University created in 1972 dedicated to social and organisational sciences. Technologically speaking, it has recently been enlarged, mostly in the field of computational sciences, but also in urban planning and public administration. From the outset ISCTE has specialised in promoting the inter-disciplinarity between social sciences and technical application.

ISCTE being a very recent Higher Institute has a very particular status due to the fact of being directly linked to the Ministry of Education operating in Portugal. It a new model of what one could call specialised University.

I.S.C.T.E. have at present about 5000 students, 60% of them in the managerial sciences and 40% in social sciences such as Sociology, Anthropology, Social History, Economics, Social and Organisational Psychology. Their number should never exceed the target of 10.000 students. The degree in Social and Organisational Psychology is n unique in Portugal and in Europe. The first cohort of under-graduates are expected to finish their course in 1999.

The ISCTE promotes an active strategy of internationalisation. It has supported student exchanges under the SOCRATES and ERASMUS programmes and continues to participate in a European Masters degree programme in Social Psychology and the Euro PhD on Social Representations and Communication. Three of our students are currently enrolled in the Euro PhD programme.

There are at present 120 PhD students in the Faculty of Social Sciences and the number is increasing rapidly.

At present the DSP is composed of 17 elements (6 Ph.D.; 5 Masters). A research unit (CIIS) is attached to the Department. The DSP co-ordinates two courses in Social and Organisational Psychology: a graduation course and a master degree course. The Department is also responsible for the Ph.D. in Social and Organisational Psychology and participates in several post-graduation courses through international networks (Diplome European en Etudes Approfondies en Psychologie Sociale -DEEAPS- and European Ph.D. on Social Representations and Communication). DSP develops research in four broad areas: Organisational Psychology; Social Representations and Social Identities, Environmental Psychology and Developmental Psychology.

Current research activity

In 1998 the DSP produced 22 papers presented in scientific meetings, 8 published in scientific journals, 8 book chapters and 3 research reports. Two members of the Department, currently full Professors, have developed lines of research on social representations since their doctoral thesis. Two other members are pursuing research on social representations in articulation with gender studies and environmental studies (one is associate Professor and the other is assistant Professor). The research groups co-ordinated by these senior members include 6 doctoral students and cover a variety of methodological approaches, such as experimental studies and discourse analysis, as well as topics of research. Within, or in articulation with, the theoretical framework of social representations several lines of research are currently being developed that cover the following topics of research: social identities and citizenship; racism, perception of justice and discrimination of minority groups; sex discrimination, feminist consciousness and human rights; perception of environmental risks; perception of violence in the media; parental beliefs and educational options; group processes: leadership and decision making; social representations, attitudes, beliefs and values; public understanding of science. New research interests also include: electronic groups ; cognitive maps in negotiation context; organizational ethics and justice; cross-cultural organizational studie; entrepreneurship.

A brief description of the current research interests and a selection of the main publications are listed in the dedicated European Doctorate on Social Representations and Communication web pages of the Portuguese national tutor at ISCTE.

The Department of Social Psychology occupies 7 rooms in the ISCTE building, including 1 for the secretariat of the Department and 1 for the Research Centre. The teachers and researchers work in 5 two-person offices which include computers with access to the internet. The facilities at ISCTE include a large university library. Access to other university libraries in Portugal is also available to researchers and postgraduate and doctoral students. Resources for personnel and facilities come form the Ministry of Education. As regards research activities, 3 research projects are currently being supported by the Ministry of Science and Technology and 1 research project is funded by the European Commission (Training and Mobility of Resarchers Programme).

The DSP collaborates with 13 other Social Psychology university departments within the European Ph.D. on Social Representations and Communication (co-ordinated by La Sapienza University, Rome, and financed by ERASMUS network contract ICP-I 3074/14 and SOCRATES contract IC- 29415).

The 1998 European Summer School of this doctoral programme took place at ISCTE. 4 Portuguese doctoral students are currently pursuing their training on social representations within this programme, 1 one of whom is attending the University of Cambridge (UK).

The DSP is also partner of an European post-graduation programme on European Advanced Studies in Social Psychology (financed by Erasmus Programme contract ICP-94/95-CH-4006/14). 13 Portuguese students have already participated in this European post-graduation programme.


UNIVERSITY OF THE BASQUE COUNTRY
DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY AND METHODOLOGY OF BEHAVIOURAL SCIENCES
D.S.P.M.B.S. - San Sebastian - SPAIN

Address: Tolosa Etorbidea, 70 - 20080-San Sebastian — SPAIN
tel. 0034 943 448000; fax: 0034 943 311056

Euro PhD national tutor: Prof. Jose Valencia

The Department of Social Psychology and Methodology of Behavioural Sciences is located at the Faculty of Psyhcology of the University of the Basque Country (see the address above).

In the Department of Social Psychology there are 35 staff members (10 Associated Professors, 19 Titular Professors, 5 Full Professors and 1 administrator). There are also 32 Doctoral Students.

Professors acting formally as tutors into the European PhD on Social Representations and Communication. are:

Dr. Jose F. Valencia & Dr. Sabino Ayestaran

However Euro PhD students collaborate with other professors in social psychology at the department (such as A. EchebarrÌa, D. Paez, etc.) and other experts in the related following areas:

  • Social research statistics and methodology
  • Group’s dynamics
  • Organisational psychology
  • Communication and Media Studies
  • Work Psychology
  • Educational Psychology
  • Applied Psychology

Current Research Activities:

a) National:

Using a variety of methodological approaches, different topics are being researched: Health; Applied Psychology; Sexual behaviour; AIDS and emotions; Communication, Language and Mass Media; Environmental Psychology and behavioral scenarios; Intergroup conflict, Political context and Social identity; Organizational culture and organizational behaviour.

b) International:

Using a variety of methodological approaches, different topics are being researched (most of them related to socio-economic issues relevant to EU policy) Develpment of National Identities in Europe, minority groups, values and well-being, gender, quality of life and public health, food and environment, language, media and communication

A brief description of the current research interests and a selection of the main publications are listed in the dedicated web pages of the Spanish national tutor at University of Basque Country.

Description of the research facilities

  • Computers (PC and VAX),
  • Multimedia rooms for interactive multiconference
  • Library: 720.289 Vols; 14.566 reviews, 55.239 microforms, video, CD-Roms

Supervision

Half of the 35 academic staff members are assigned to supervision

During the past 5 years the Dept. of Social Psychology has successfully trained the following:

101 doctoral students, 11 international students, 16 doctoral theses.